This cross was erected for Clan McDonald, specifically for the Chief of the Clan, who was killed in the Glencoe Massacre along with 37 other men and an additional 40 women and children, who perished due to exposure from the cold. What made the Glencoe Massacre so heinous, beyond just a simple feud between two opposing clans, was the deceit and betrayal of a visiting clan commander and his militia murdering their hosts. Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon was even distantly related to the McDonald clan, by marriage, and he stayed in the McDonald house in Glencoe for two weeks before initiating the massacre and killing the chief. Some under Campbell's command warned their McDonald hosts of the impending murders, which allowed them to escape the massacre. At least two lieutenants broke their swords so the could not participate in what they viewed as a betrayal to the "murder under trust" code under Scottish Law. And by luck, poor timing, or intentional planning, 800 men under Campbell never made it to their positions blocking off the escape routes, thereby allowing many from the village to flee unscathed. The massacre was part of an attempt to break the Scottish clan system. It had been planned for several months, even after McDonald signed an oath of allegiance to William, Prince of Orange, an oath which should have guaranteed the clan's safety. The Campbell's took part in the massacre as a way of "getting even" with the McDonalds after years of raiding and stealing.